Common Eye conditions
Also called lazy eye. There are three main types of amblyopia; refractive, strabismic, and deprivation. Refractive amblyopia refers to when there is decreased vision in one eye that leads to the use of the other eye as the dominant eye. Strabismic amblyopia is when one eye fails to develop appropriately due to a turned eye or a muscle imbalance. Lastly, deprivation amblyopia refers to when there is something blocking vision such as a congenital cataract which then impedes the eye from developing appropriately.
An eye condition that presents itself as itching, burning, and irritation of the eyes, is often called “dry eye syndrome”. It is one of the most common problems treated by eye care professionals. It is usually caused by the breakdown (or deficiency) in the tears that lubricate the eyes. As we age, our bodies produce less oil to seal the eyes’ watery layer. Hot, arid climates, air conditioning, certain medicines and irritants such as cigarette smoke can all increase dryness of the eye. Your eye care professional might prescribe “artificial tears” or other eye drops to help alleviate the problem.
A cataract is a clouding of the crystalline lens of the eye that makes it hard for light to pass through and be focused properly. In a normal eye, the crystalline lens is almost transparent, however injury, age or disease can cause the lens to eventually loose its clarity. When the lens becomes ‘opaque,’ it is called a cataract. Treatable by surgery.
A condition where objects up close are seen less clearly. Mild hyperopes tend to be able to focus more clearly at distance than myopic or near sighted patients, however, tend to need visual correction at distance after even as little as one unit of farsightedness.
A condition where distant objects appear less clearly and those objects up close are seen clearly.
Condition in which the aging crystalline lens (at around age 40) becomes less able to change shape to focus light at all distances, especially near vision. Presbyopia can be corrected with reading glasses, bi-focal glasses, progressive lenses or multi-focal contact lenses. Additional symptoms include eyestrain, headaches, and squinting.